“Little skip Fannie Allison Troutsmans writes that she actually is lonesome and wish to hear from Comfort visitors,” the column starts. “She claims she actually is the youngest of ten kiddies of whom four just are living, and adds that her earliest sibling, a conductor in the Southern Railroad, had been killed by way of a train at Spartanburg, S.C.”
The appeal to readers that are fellow at the opening regarding the July 1907 “Comfort Sisters’ Corner,” a basic of Comfort Magazine. The columnist includes skip Fannie’s words that are own plus a target in new york where “sisters” could address letters. In identical pages, one girl asked for souvenir post cards and letters, while another requested “seeds of the very most popular variety… or any antique plants, such as for instance our grandmothers liked.”
The line went for numerous pages, brief paragraphs in small font sandwiched among the list of numerous ads. Comfort, most likely, wasn’t merely a woman’s log; it had been a mail-order mag whoever primary function would be to bring customer tradition to rural America by marketing kitchen appliances, clothes, medications along with other products. The publisher that is original William Gannett, really developed Comfort in an effort to promote their neurological tonic to ladies. Yet because is obvious in columns like “Comfort Sisters’ Corner,” those quasi-catalogues was included with a astonishing side effects: interaction between ladies that otherwise might have been impossible.
Within the years following a Civil War, rapidly advancing printing press technology plus a growing postal delivery system permitted how many magazines in the U.S. to explode. Whereas only 700 publications existed in 1865 (including Harper’s Weekly, Confederate Veteran and Southern Historical Society Papers), they numbered significantly more than 3,000 by 1885, and much more than 4,400 by 1890. Those figures, and also the blood supply of magazines, proceeded to increase while the usa Postal provider started tinkering with Rural Free Delivery into the 1890s, bringing mail straight to the 65 % associated with populace whom lived in rural areas in the place of making the mail at drop-off points. (It wasn’t until 1920 that the census discovered more and more people staying in metropolitan areas—towns with over 2,500 inhabitants—than in rural areas.)
Among the list of very first mail-order mags to surface in the post-Civil War years was E.C. Allen’s People’s Literary Companion, printed in Augusta, Maine and distributed round the nation beginning in 1869. Because of Allen’s pioneering operate in Maine, Augusta became a hub for posting, with 17 titles printed when you look at the city, reaching a maximum blood supply of over 3 million. Not merely had been the mags written primarily for females, these were frequently produced by women also: of this 1,309 people involved in the publishing industry statewide in 1900, females taken into account 615, just below 50 %. It had been also stated that Allen himself, the “Mail Order King,” required the opinion of feminine clerks whenever he decided on a photo for circulation in his magazines, writes Robert Lovett within the Bulletin regarding the company Historical Society.
“Comfort Sisters’ Corner” was a basic of Comfort Magazine. latin brides at latinwomen.net (Digital Library @ Villanova University)
However the publications moving out of Augusta, with names like Thrifty Farmer, United states girl, Golden Moments and Comfort, had been frequently inexpensive, shoddily printed rags designed to turn rural ladies and families into customers. Publishers would send them free of charge to subscribers that are one-time printing ads due to their magazines various other publications, and gives incentives for enrolling brand brand brand new customers, which permitted how many visitors to grow rapidly—whether or otherwise not the mags had been actually being look over. In comparison to mass blood circulation women’s journals like Ladies’ Home Journal and Delineator, writers of the mail-order mags cared less about readers renewing their subscriptions than about having huge blood circulation listings with which to entice advertisers. Despite the fact that Good Housekeeping and journals want it truly crammed ads on as numerous pages as you can, those magazines also hewed more closely to an editorial mission of supplying readers with housekeeping advice, substantive fiction and poetry, and columns on fashion.
As marketing analysts Ernest Elmo Calkins and Ralph Holden composed of Ladies’ Residence Journal and Comfort, the 2 different mags represented “extreme kinds of publications and their respective constituencies; usually the one, the greatest kind of a marketing medium… reaching well-educated, well-to-do, smart US ladies; one other, poorly printed… and reaching an uneducated and credulous class whose readers purchase only the absolute most affordable things, but more and more them do purchase, so the area may be worth what it costs the advertisers.”
Mary Ellen Zuckerman, a teacher of advertising in the State University of the latest York, Geneseo and composer of a brief history of Popular Women’s mags in the usa, 1792-1995, acknowledges that both kinds of magazines added to your flooding of customer products reaching rural areas. But, she states, “In a funny method, the mail-order publications were nearly more honest about their function. You knew whenever you first got it it was likely to be filled up with large amount of marketing.”
simply take a book like Comfort. It had been one of the primary publications to attain a blood circulation of over one million, charging you just 15 cents for a yearlong registration for month-to-month editions regarding the magazine. As librarian Clara Carter Weber writes, “Comfort was at company to offer all you could consider, from sheet music, parlor organs, and peanuts, to an ‘oil portraiture’ of Admiral Dewey and a ‘Magical Sponge,’ the ‘wonder for the twentieth century.’” Peruse all pages and posts of old editions of Comfort and you’ll find adverts supplying a pocket that is free for all those ready to offer bluing dye for washing, and “Duby’s Ozark Herbs” to dye gray hairs without coloring the head, and low priced fur scarves and muffs, and medical remedies like Dr. Coffee’s 80-page attention guide to cure all attention diseases.
But surrounding those adverts were quick tales and recurring columns, like “Talks with Girls” and “Poultry Farming for ladies.” Actually, Zuckerman claims, the mail-order publications were additionally types of interaction.
Comfort’s primary function would be to bring customer tradition to rural America by marketing kitchen appliances, clothes, medications as well as other items. (Digital Library @ Villanova University)
Out they were isolated“If you think about the lives of the women on these farms, a lot of the day in and day. Reading these magazines had been a interaction lifeline in means,” Zuckerman claims. “If you can compose in to discover one thing you published in publications, to see other females authoring things of great interest or concern for your requirements, it offered a rather strong connection that’s hard for all of us right now to comprehend, because we’re therefore inundated with means of communicating.”
Just think about the phone, designed by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876. During the change associated with century, just ten percent of most households also had phone solutions. For females residing on farms not even close to anybody however their family unit members, mail-order publications offered a getaway from day to day life, and in addition a method to produce a concrete connection to other lonely females. In addition to “Comfort Sisters’ Corner,” another regular function associated with the mag had been demands from “Shut-Ins”—women too unwell or old to go out of their homes, whom depended in the charity of next-door neighbors as well as other readers for success. “I intend to keep in mind the shut-in whenever i could,” writes Edna Peterson of Biggsville, Illinois into the July 1907 version.
But despite having the interaction they offered women that are rural mail-order publications weren’t destined for durability. Numerous ceased publication after 1907, whenever Post Office needed listings of compensated customers for mags seeking a lowered mailing price. Both of which lasted until 1940 among the mail-order magazines that survived the culling were Woman’s World and Comfort.
“I think they outlived their function,” Zuckerman suggests. “As roads improved and folks had better transport, these were in a position to access bigger towns and towns to complete their shopping, so that they didn’t need to count on mail purchase. It’s ironic because now we’ve circled straight straight back with Amazon. Everybody desires to do shopping from your home and never head out.”
As transport technology changed, so too did communications. By 1948, america had 30 million connected phones, and reaching off to friends from afar had been growing easier, even yet in rural areas. Catalogs like Sears and Montgomery Ward became the way that is new make domestic acquisitions. But also for a brief duration, mail-order publications had played an important part for rural ladies: making them feel less alone to their farms and homesteads, and empowering them to fairly share their experiences with other people.